Archive | November, 2016

How Classical Music Benefits Children With Learning Disabilities

We have long known about the ability of classical music to provide pleasure and stir up deep emotions. Undoubtedly, music has a powerful impact on the brain. Studies have shown that classical music can also help children with special needs through a variety of significant improvements including reduced stress, increased IQ, and improved ability to concentrate. Further, music can make children feel more positive and improve their creative thinking. The bottom line is that classical music can make a huge difference in the lives of those with disorders like autism, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, ADD and ADHD and mental retardation.

The Mozart Effect and the Power of Music

The term “The Mozart Effect” has gone mainstream, as now there are a variety of products including everything from CDs to toys that use Mozart’s music to improve a person’s ability to perform mental tasks. A wide variety of experts theorize that listening to Mozart can actually boost intelligence too. Don Campbell who wrote The Mozart Effect: Tapping the Power of Music to Heal the Body, Strengthen the Mind, and Unlock the Creative Spirit has declared that the Mozart Effect is “an inclusive term signifying the transformational powers of music in health, education, and well-being.”

An issue of Nature Journal in 1993 published remarkable findings from studies at The University of California at Irvine. In one study, group of students listened to Mozart while a second group listed to a tape with suggestions for relaxation. A third test group just had 10 minutes of silence. When these students were given a test on spatial IQ, those who listened to Mozart showed to have a significantly higher spatial IQ.

Some scientists speculate that complicated sounds like classical music boosts the operation of firing patterns in the brain’s cortex. Studies have also shown that those even with Alzheimer’s disease do better on spatial IQ tests after listening to Mozart. One of the reasons that classical music is so powerful in contrast to other forms of music is that it has sequences that repeat throughout a musical piece. Often these sequences appear about every 20 or 30 seconds. Due to the fact that brain wave patterns also take place in 30-second cycles, this type of music can provide the most powerful type of response.

The Mozart Effect has very real implications for those with learning disorders. Listening to classical music will not only boost IQ, but it will also help children concentrate better and memorize new information. When a child hears classical music, it can create the ideal conditions for learning and creativity.

One additional boost to the implications of classical music’s positive impact on learning and the brain occurred in 1998 when the governor of Georgia Zell Miller included over $100,000 annually in the budget for the state for tapes and CDs of classical music for all of children born in Georgia. He was persuaded to take this bold step due to the various studies that listening to classical music spurs intelligence.

Music Therapy

Classical music can positively impact everything from emotional development to motor skills to cognitive functioning. There is an entire field of psychology called Music Therapy where therapists improve the health of their clients through using music. Professionals like teachers, physicians and psychologists regularly refer children for music therapy. Music Therapists can even help rehabilitate people who have had strokes through the power of music.

Kids with learning disorders like ADD, ADHD, and autism can benefit from Music Therapy, as it will help them to feel calmer and less impulsive. Further, many children will feel more comfortable opening up about their feelings when they are exposed to music. At this point, therapists can help children to overcome their frustrations and assist to boost their self-esteem.

Distractions and Music

One thing that many children with learning disorders have in common is that they are easily distracted. Different noises can take their attention away from a task at hand. However, when classical music is used therapeutically, it changes the way the ear functions and stimulates the brain.

Children with a variety of learning disorders including autism are experiencing positive results from Tomatis Listening Therapy. During therapy sessions, classical music is sent into the right ear and the sound is also vibrated through the bones in the body. One of the goals of this therapy is to get the ears in sync and re-balance the system. The philosophy behind this treatment is that it can allow its recipients to begin performing to the best of their abilities.

Many children have also improved their ADHD conditions through learning to play a music instrument. The act of practicing playing classical music and listening to it at the same time can teach kids to lengthen their attention span.

The Calming Ability of Music

When children with special needs listen to classical music, it provides a positive and relaxing experience. Remarkably, classical music can also reduce stress and ease frustrations. Further, it can reduce muscle tension and slow down the heart rate. When these changes occur, the mind is more open to learning and also to communicating with others.

One study at the Baltimore St Agnes Health Care by Raymond Bahr, MD showed that when doctors played classical music for their heart patients it had the same impact as a 10 mg dose of Valium! The implications of this study for those with special needs are clear. When children with autism, cerebral palsy, ADD, ADHD, and mental retardation are able to relax and calm down, dramatic changes in their behavior become possible.

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Kre Alkalyn – Is It Truly the Best Form Of Creatine? – A Kre Alkalyn Review

Kre Alkalyn (TM) is a patented creatine mixture that claims to be 10 to 20 times more effective than straight creatine monohydrate at getting into the muscle cells. It is claimed by the patent holder that Kre Alkalyn uses a buffering agent to make more creatine active and stop the conversion to creatinine. Creatinine is a byproduct of creatine metabolism and considered a waste product making it undesirable for the bodybuilder.

Standard Creatine comes in many forms that compete with buffered creatine like creatine malate, creatine citrate, other creatine salts, creatine monohydrate and creatine ethyl ester. These forms of creatine also claim to have near 100% absorption and are touted to be better forms of creatine as well. To test the claims that Kre Alkalyn has better bioavailability we can look to the scientific literature. Also, what does the scientific literature say about the claims that 90% of creatine is converted to creatinine and therefore useless? Is Kre Alkalyn worth the extra money?

According to its patent, buffered creatine uses one of the following ingredients to act as the buffering agent: soda ash, magnesium glycerol phosphate, hydroxide, carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride, tree latex or a phosphate. These buffering agents in theory help stop the conversion of creatine to creatinine in the acidic stomach. This conversion is supposedly stopped by adding in these buffering agents which counter the stomach acid.

Buffered creatine does have some studies posted to the All American EFX web site. Do the studies support the notion that Kre Alkalyn is vastly superior to creatine monohydrate or creatine salts like creatine malate or creatine citrate and creatine ethyl ester? The first study may support some slight improvement over other forms of creatine when examined.

Using 24 healthy Bulgarian weight lifting competitors, buffered creatine did show a roughly 2% increase in weight lifted over creatine monohydrate. To put this in perspective, if a powerlifter put up 300lbs on a squat, after 60 days the creatine monohydrate group would lift 325lbs and the Kre Alkalyn would lift 332lbs. Not exactly the stellar performance differences and vastly different absorption that is claimed by the Kre Alkalyn folks. Sure, lifting 7 extra pounds over 60 days is impressive, but it isn’t life altering weight even for a well trained athlete. Additionally, this study clearly is in dispute with their assertion that 90%+ of creatine monohydrate taken as a supplement is turned into creatinine in the stomach and thus inactive.

While it is significant to see an increase of 7lbs of weight lifted, is it possible that the real reason that Kre Alkalyn performs better is due to the bicarbonate in the product? I personally think that makes the most sense. Certainly more than 10% of creatine monohydrate is active, contrary to the Kre Alkalyn claims, so it isn’t the additional creatine that is having the slight improvement. It is most likely the bicarbonate. As an ergogenic aid, bicarbonate is very useful to performance athletes. If you are not aware, you probably own bicarbonate already, It’s called baking soda.

So, perhaps the “secret” to Kre Alkalyn is really just 5 cents worth of baking soda, which we know is good for performance athletes. A study of baking soda in performance athletes confirms this assertion. “Sodium bicarbonate and Na-citrate seem to be effective in activities with a sufficient duration to generate a difference in the hydrogen ion gradient, characterized by a very high intensity and involving large muscular groups.” (1) Large muscle groups is exactly what was studied in the Kre Alkalyn paper, so, for large muscle groups clearly, bicarbonate will increase performance and thus may explain the additional benefit achieved in the Kre Alkalyn study.

I suppose this is a benefit of taking Kre Alkalyn, the addition of bicarbonate. For the extra price though, it hardly seems worth any extra money. Considering that the study from the Kre Alkalyn site used 7.5g of Kre Alkalyn per day and that will cost you about 35 dollars, it hardly seems like Kre Alkalyn is a good deal compared to creatine monohydrate and a teaspoon of baking soda as the buffering agent. Additionally, more advanced creatine complexes are on the market that contain crucial cofactors that enhance creatine, like beta alanine and hydrolyzed amino acids. These complexes are usually cheaper and would certainly have benefit over both standard creatine monohydrate and Kre Alkalyn. Almost no one takes straight creatine any more, since there are advanced blends that have eclipsed them in performance by marrying the creatine with numerous cofactors.

There are other studies from the Kre Alkalyn web site that show indeed this form of creatine with a buffering agent is stable and non-toxic, which is to be expected. Another study shows that Kre Alkalyn again preforms slightly better than creatine monohydrate on a VO2 max test, but again this is probably due to the increased bicarbonate in the mix, not that the creatine itself is changed in any way or is absorbed better.

According to this study the Kre Alkalyn seems to be missing one key factor of creatine monohydrate supplementation, increased DHT levels. These increased DHT levels in young people may be whats causing them to get cranky on creatine, but may also increase their penis size and potentially make them taller (4). This benefit is seemingly negated by buffered creatine for some strange reason. Perhaps the additional acidic environment pushes the body to manufacturer more DHT from other sources than testosterone which is a very good thing for young people. The fact that this healthy benefit is negated is a knock against buffered creatine.

So, what about the claims that Kre Alkalyn is better absorbed due to creatine monohydrate being broken down nearly 90% by the stomach? The scientific literature completely debunks this claim. In fact scientific studies show creatine monohydrate can certainly be 100% absorbed, one study stating “Creatine seems to be totally absorbed since no creatine or creatinine was detectable in feces.” (2,3) and Creatine Salts such as creatine citrate and creatine malate have also shown to have nearly 100% absorption (3). This completely debunks the myth from All American EFX, the maker of Kre Alkalyn, that buffered creatine is a better form of creatine for absorption and debunks the assertion that 90%+ of standard creatine monohydrate turns to the waste product, creatinine. Using muscle creatine levels as the standard, it was shown that almost all creatine forms are absorbed and utilized.

All of this serves to really debunk the assertion that unbuffered creatine is inferior to Kre Alkalyn. The data seems to indicate that any benefit from Kre Alkalyn is probably due to the bicarbonate or other buffering agent. The small amount of bicarbonate makes the supplement perform slightly better than standard creatine monohydrate, but the differences are very slight even in performance athletes. If you really wanted buffered creatine, bicarbonate can be had in any kitchen in America as “baking soda”. You can make your own Kre Alkalyn by adding 1 teaspoon of baking soda to your creatine drink.

A serious deficiency of most Kre Alkalyn supplements on the market is that they seem to be missing the various advanced cofactors found in the most pre-workout drinks. These cofactors, like beta alanine show an increased improvement over straight creatine, making them a key component of any pre-workout creatine drink (5). The lack of things like beta alanine make most Kre Alkalyn supplements inferior to the current leading pre-workout powders.

Creatine is great for you and should be used by any serious bodybuilder. It is a proven supplement with benefits for powerlifters, bodybuilders, the elderly and middle aged men and women. No matter what form you use, make sure you add this impressive nutrient to your workouts and enjoy the numerous benefits.

References:
1. Sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate: ergogenic aids? J Strength Cond Res. 2005 Feb;19(1):213-24. Requena B, Zabala M, Padial P, Feriche B. Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Spain

2.Jäger R, Harris RC, Purpura M, Francaux M. Comparison of new forms of creatine in raising plasma creatine levels. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2007 Nov 12;4:17.

3.Deldicque L, Décombaz J, Zbinden Foncea H, Vuichoud J, Poortmans JR, Francaux M. Kinetics of creatine ingested as a food ingredient. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 Jan;102(2):133-43.

4. 5 alpha-reductase deficiency in patients with micropenis. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1997 Mar;20(1):95-101. Gad YZ, Nasr H, Mazen I, Salah N, el-Ridi R. Human Genetics Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

5. Effect of creatine and beta-alanine supplementation on performance and endocrine responses in strength/power athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006 Aug;16(4):430-46. Hoffman J, Ratamess N, Kang J, Mangine G, Faigenbaum A, Stout J. Dept. of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ 08628, USA.

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Thiamine (Vitamin B1) How, Why and When to Supplement

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Sources and Physiologic Functions

Requirements and Sources: Pork, whole grains, and legumes are the richest sources of thiamine. Outer layers of seeds are particularly rich in this vitamin.

Populations at Risk: The populations most at risk of developing a thiamine deficiency are chronic alcoholics in Western countries and those with an over dependence on polished rice as a staple in undeveloped nations. In alcoholics it may be caused by decreased intake, reduced absorption, and impaired ability to use the absorbed vitamin. Thiamine is spared by fat, protein, sorbitol, and Vitamin C. High carbohydrate intake, parenteral glucose, pregnancy, lactation, high basal metabolic rate, and antibiotics will increase needs. Also, it is readily lost in persons consuming raw fish, tea, coffee, blueberries, red cabbage, and cooking with excess water and baking soda. Breast fed infants of thiamine deficient mothers are particularly at risk, as death from cardiac failure can result within a few hours, even though the mother appears healthy. Other risk factors include chronic colitis, fever, malignant disease, sprue, and thyrotoxicosis. Intestinal absorption of thiamine appears to be controlled and limited, and modest increases in the serum concentration were accompanied by active renal clearance.

Signs and Symptoms of Deficiency: Children present with aphonia, cardiomyopathy, and polyneuritis. Symptoms involving the heart include tachycardia, cardiomegaly, and cardiac failure. Neurological symptoms include mental confusion, anorexia, ataxia, nystagmus, and weakness of hands, calves, and feet as a result of degeneration of sensory and motor nerves. Thiamine deficiency in adults is called Beri-beri and is characterized by dry skin, irritability, disorderly thinking, and progressive paralysis. In chronic alcoholics, a syndrome of Wernicke’s – Korsakoff”s Psychosis develops. Ataxia and Nystagmus (Wernicke’s ) develop early and, if left untreated progresses to amnesia, confusion, and polyneuropathy ( Korsakoff’s ). Complete recovery at this stage is seen in only 25% of the patients. Vomiting, diarrhea, edema, and weight loss are other non-specific symptoms.

Safety:

Due to relative increase in sympathetic activity, nervousness, sweating, tachycardia and tremors can be seen with excess thiamine. Edema and vascular hypotension occur as a result of capillary leakage. Allergies, fatty liver and herpes are common. Folates and thiamine cause seizures and excitation when administered in high dosage directly into the brain or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of experimental animals, but have rarely been reported to cause human neurotoxicity, although fatal reactions to i.v. thiamine are well known.

Biochemistry: The biologically active form of thiamine is TPP (thiamine pyrophosphate). It acts as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation at the pyruvate and the alfa-ketoglutarate steps in the energy producing Kreb’s cycle and is particularly important in the tissues of the nervous system. It also acts as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation ( of alfa-keto acids and in the formation or degeneration of ketols ) by transketolase in the Pentose phosphate pathway, the intermediary products of which are used in the synthesis of ribonucleotides such as ATP & GTP, deoxyribonucleotides such as dATP & dGTP, and nucleic acids DNA & RNA. Thiamine is also essential for protein catabolism, acetyl choline synthesis, normal muscle tone in cardiac and GI tissues, and for normal growth and appetite.

In human the storage of thiamine is is in greatest concentrations in skeletal muscle, heart, brain, liver, and kidneys. The human stores about 25 to 30mg of thiamine. ThMP and free (unphosphorylated) thiamine is present in plasma, milk, cerebrospinal fluid, and just about all extracellular fluids. Unlike the highly phosphorylated forms of thiamine, ThMP and free thiamine are capable of crossing cell membranes.

Recommendations: RDA in mg

  • Infants birth to 6 mos – 0.3mg
  • Infants 6 mos to 1 yr – 0.4mg
  • Children 1 yr to 3 yr – 0.7mg
  • Children 4 yr to 6 yr – 0.9mg
  • Children 7 yr to 10 yr – 1mg
  • Adolescent males 11yr to 14 yr – 1.3mg
  • Adolescent females 11 yr to 14 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adolescent males 15 yr to 18 yr – 1.5mg
  • Adolescent females 15 yr to 18 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adult males 19 yr to 50 yr – 1.5mg
  • Adult females 19 yr to 50 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adult males 51 yr plus – 1.2mg
  • Adult females 51 yr plus – 1.0mg
  • Pregnant Women – 1.5mg
  • Lactating Mothers – 1.6mg

Thiamine hydrochloride is the common supplemental form. Thiamine therapy for alcoholics may involve a single injection of 10-mg thiamine or 50 mg of oral fat-soluble thiamine propyl disulfide that permits efficient absorption in alcoholics. Erythrocyte transketolase activity is considered the most reliable index of the functional state of thiamine.

Thiamine B1

Food Source – Serving Size – Number of milligrams per serving

  • Pork (lean arm braised) – 3.5 oz – 0.60mg
  • Pork (bacon cured/pan fried) – 4.48oz – 0.88mg
  • Navy beans (canned) – 1 cup – 0.37mg
  • Pinto beans (canned) – 1 cup – 0.24mg
  • Pinto beans (boiled) – 1 cup – 0.32mg

Literature:

A cross-sectional investigation of patients with congestive heart failure being treated with loop diuretic therapy showed that thiamine deficiency may occur in a substantial proportion of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and dietary inadequacy may contribute to increased risk. Men and nonwhite patients with CHF appeared most likely to have evidence of thiamine deficiency, although this reflects, in part, the gender composition of the patients recruited for the study. Patients with more severe CHF (as indicated by lower percentages of left ventricular ejection fractions) had greater biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency. Another study found left ventricular ejection fraction to be adversely affected by thiamine deficiency and described that, when these patients were supplemented with thiamine intravenously, the ejection fraction improved significantly. Thus, nutritional assessment of thiamine status, including dietary intake, may be an important component of care for patients with CHF who are being treated with loop diuretic therapy.

Cognitive functioning

A study by Benton et. al demonstrated the association between improved thiamine status and improved performance on a range of measures of cognitive functioning in females. No such association was found in males. Although it was not possible to establish the reason for a beneficial response in females rather than males, there is evidence that females respond differently to dietary factors.

Alzheimer’s disease:

Results of one study suggest that probable Alzheimer’s Disease (pAD) is associated with a decrease in plasma thiamine levels. In another study, a 40-50% decrease of thiamine diphosphate (TDP) was found in patients with frontal lobe degeneration of the non-Alzheimer’s type (FNAD). As TDP is an essential co-factor for oxidative metabolism and neurotransmitter synthesis, and because low thiamine status (compared with other species) is a constant feature in humans, a nearly 50% decrease in cortical TDP content may contribute significantly to the clinical symptoms observed in FNAD. This study also provides a basis for a trial of thiamine to improve the cognitive status of the patients. A mild beneficial effect in patients with Alzheimer’s disease was observed on supplementation with Fursultiamine (TTFD), a derivative of thiamine, at an oral dose of 100 mg/day in a 12-week open trial. Similar benefits were observed in another trial with high dose thiamine (3-8 g/d), while a 12 month study with 3 g/d of thiamine showed no apparent benefit in slowing the progression of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. Thus, weak and contradictory evidence suggests that vitamin B1 may be helpful for Alzheimer’s disease.

Assessment of thiamine status

In several human studies during the past 10 years, thiamine status was assessed either by measuring thiamine pyrophosphate response alone or by using TPP response measures in conjunction of calculated estimates of thiamine intake from diet histories. Some investigators have combined estimates of thiamine intake with measures of thiamine status other than TPP response, such as erythrocyte TPP [18] or plasma TPP In several of these reports, poor thiamine status, as defined by TPP response, could not be related to less-than-adequate thiamine intake. Several authors have noted that valid TPP response measures depend on a kinetically normal enzyme. Hence, disease states, such as alcoholic encephalopathy, may affect enzyme-cofactor binding, and thus, TPP response. Rigorous statistical analysis of relationship between urinary thiamine excretion and TPP response seems to be lacking in the report generally cited as evidence of the validity of TPP response measures. In the ICNND report, categories of thiamine status appear to relate superficially to urinary thiamine excretion, but when there is no clear break-point in the curve for thiamine intake plotted against urinary excretion, it is difficult, in contrast to the case with urinary riboflavin excretion, to define deficiency. One author has demonstrated that in non-human species, pyruvate dehydrogenase appears to be a more sensitive indicator of tissue thiamine deficiency than is transketolase. A study by Gans et. al. raises questions about the usefulness of the TPP response as the sole indicator of marginal thiamine status. Thiamine status was measured in 137 incarcerated and 42 nonincarcerated adolescent males by use of both dietary intake data and a standard biochemical assay, thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP) response. Although average daily thiamine intake of nonincarcerated subjects was significantly higher than that of incarcerated subjects, both groups appeared to be at minimal risk for marginal thiamine status. Comparison of TPP response values indicated that there was no significant difference between groups. However, approximately 24% of the total population appeared to have less than adequate RBC thiamine on the basis of current standards for TPP response. Neither dietary intake nor reported previous alcohol intake was correlated with TPP response. Thus, clinical standards of thiamine deficiency seem to lack firm definition. Perhaps a better, more valid metabolic measure, such as thiamine or TPP in plasma, should be investigated and adopted. Also, intake data as well as some appropriate measure of enzyme activity or function may be important values to assess to describe the thiamine status of a group more correctly.

Summary:

Thiamine is essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. It is also needed in the synthesis of ATP and GTP and nucleic acids DNA and RNA. It acts as a coenzyme in the energy producing Kreb’s cycle and is particularly important in the tissues of the nervous system. Thiamine is also essential for acetylcholine synthesis, maintenance of normal tone of muscle in cardiac and GI tissues, and for normal growth and appetite.

A number of claims have been made about the beneficial effects of thiamine on numerous conditions. (Fibromyalgia, HIV Support, Pregnancy and postpartum support, Canker sores – mouth ulcers, and Minor injuries)

Evidence strongly suggests that patients with CHF may benefit from thiamine supplementation. Patients with CHF who are on loop diuretics are shown to have thiamine deficiency and patients with more severe CHF showed greater biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency. Thiamine supplementation is shown to improve the left ventricular ejection fraction significantly.

Thiamine supplementation may improve cognitive functioning and has been shown to improve performance on a range of cognitive tests in females.

Populations who are prone to be deficient in this vitamin, like chronic alcoholics, patients with malabsorption syndromes, and those who consume high carbohydrates should receive supplementation. Pregnancy, lactation, high basal metabolic rate, and parenteral glucose therapy will increase the requirements of thiamine. Breast-fed infants of thiamine deficient mothers should receive adequate supplementation, as death from cardiac failure can result within hours, even though the mother appears normal.

Our recommendation for adults is 25 mg/d. This amount can be obtained from approximately 41 servings of Pork (lean arm braised), 28 servings of Pork (bacon cured/pan fried), and 80 servings of Pinto Beans (boiled). The RDA for adults is 1.5 mg/d, although a range of doses from 1-25 mg/d is usually consumed. Thiamine therapy for alcoholics may involve a single injection of 10-mg thiamine or 50 mg of oral fat-soluble thiamine propyl disulfide that permits efficient absorption in alcoholics. Wernicke’s syndrome, which involves ataxia and nystagmus, develops early and, if left untreated, may progresses to Korsakoff’s psychosis, the neurological manifestations of which are irreversible in 75% of the patients. Fatal reactions to high doses of I.V. thiamine have been reported.

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Effects of Pueraria Mirifica

The best positive effects of Pueraria Mirifica are noticed when the product is used for a relatively short time. It is believed that Pueraria formulation products work best when they are used as prescribed but the long term usage may result in several complex health problems. For instance, women using Pueraria products for breast enlargement are often advised to stop using if after few weeks, failure to do this may result in several breast enlargement complications such as pains, formation of lumps and may even result in cancerous development, hence it is often prescribed for those who have lesser than average breast sizes.

Another negative side effect of consuming excess Pueraria products is diarrhea. People who take excessive dietary supplements of Pueraria Mirifica often risk diarrhea infection. Phyto-estrogens compound found in Pueraria Mirifica are capable of preventing some forms of cancer and the presence of Phyto-estrogens for instance can be increased in the body when Pueraria products are consumed and this means that the level of production of some Hormones in the body, when Pueraria is consumed for prolong period of time the level of such hormones may be increased to an extent of causing discomfort within the body.

Pueraria Mirifica has been known to cause some discomfort to several systems of the body especially the digestive systems and the sensory organs especially when it is consumed beyond regulated dosages. It is essential to note that excessive consumption of Pueraria can cause constipation and irritation to the bowels. Diarrhea and vomiting are associated with such conditions.

Pueraria Mirifica is good for destroying bacterial infections on the skin and helps to detoxify the body from harmful toxins but when used excessively on the skin it may developed into an unhealthy situation where the skin becomes discolored and may even developed into some serious disorders including rashes and burns, it is ideal to use Pueraria on skin under a prescribed condition.

The consumption of Pueraria can increase the level of estrogen in women but its excess may result in serious complications such as fatigue, increase body fat, loss of muscle tone , loss of libido and enlarged prostate, hence Pueraria Mirifica consumption must be used in moderation especially by post menopausal women and older adults in general.

Pueraria Mirifica works best with a healthy lifestyle such as healthy diet consumption, little alcohol consumption and a smoke-free lifestyle. People who consume alcohol much and smoke excessively may have difficulties using Pueraria because they will get less benefit from the herb due to their lifestyles.

Pueraria Mirifica serves as a great dietary supplement especially for people who are not getting the needed essential vitamins and minerals through their everyday diets. Dietary supplements of Pueraria ensure an adequate supply of these nutrients for the body’s needs. It is also important to note that excessive presence of some nutrients in the body as a result of excessive consumption of Pueraria Mirifica may result in negative side effects

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Cascara Sagrada Bark Side Effects and Complications

Cascara sagrada bark is a common ingredient in colon cleansers, often reported to promote ‘detoxification of the colon’. In actuality, cascara sagrada is a powerful stimulant laxative, which initiates fecal elimination by triggering contractions in the colon.

Cascara sagrada bark has numerous side effects and contraindications, all which affect colon, stomach and liver function. This herb is not safe to use if you have a history of any colon or gastrointestinal problems, such as ulcerative colitis or diverticular disease. Pregnant women cannot take cascara sagrada bark because it can put undue stress on the fetus. Long-term use can also cause permanent damage to these organs.

Short-term side effects of cascara sagrada bark include:

* Stomach pain or cramps

* Persistent diarrhea.

* Dehydration

* Dizziness, fainting

Long-term side effects associated with cascara sagrada bark include:

* Chronic constipation

* Loss of normal bowel function

* Colon or bowel damage

* Muscle weakness

* Fatigue, pronounced tiredness

* Decrease in bowel movements

* Pigmentation of the colon (melanosis coli)

* Changes in heartbeat

* Electrolyte loss

* Possible liver, kidney or heart damage

Long-term use is also associated with laxative dependency, a condition that causes the colon to become dependent on laxatives in order to have a bowel movement. Using cascara sagrada bark for longer than prescribed, or more than seven days, can increase a person’s risk for these side effects.

There have also been rare reports of hepatitis occurring after long-term use. It can also increase a person’s risk for adenomas, or colorectal growths. This may be a precursor to cancer.

Allergic Side Effects

Cascara sagrada bark can also cause severe allergic reactions in some individuals. The following reactions have been reported:

* Hives

* Skin rash, excessive itching

* Difficulty breathing

* Chest tightness

* Swelling of the lips, tongue or mouth

* No bowel movement

* Bleeding of the rectal area

If any of these side effects are reported, seek medical treatment immediately. This is a sign of a severe allergic reaction, which can be fatal if left untreated.

Possible Complications

This herb can also worsen the severity of certain illnesses. If you have any of the following health conditions below, this herb may be possibly unsafe to take:

* Diverticular disease

* Ulcerative colitis

* Congestive heart failure

* Heart disease

* Anemia

* Liver disease

* Kidney disease

* Appendicitis

* Crohn’s disease

* Hemorrhoids

* General heart problems

* Cancer of the colon or gastrointestinal tract

People who suffer from laxative dependency or who have abused laxatives in the past should not take this herb. People with a history of eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, should also avoid using this herb.

The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for medical advice. Any health concerns or questions should be discussed with your local healthcare provider.

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Man Boob Cure in 4 Weeks Free – The Man Boobs Secret the BIG Food Companies Don’t Want You to Know!

Every morning you wake up after a nice dream and then reality hits – you have man boobs. You remember your chest is not just weighing you down, but stopping you from getting on with your life. It may be the girl you like, the job you want or even something as simple as playing with your kids. It’s not your attitude towards life that is the problem, but more the fact you don’t like feeling uncomfortable, it is so much easier to avoid those things right?

As a result we seem to fall back and incidentally this often makes the problem worse. A lot of men put weight on, that’s a fact. A lot of men in that position also find them selves feeling isolated, not just from what they want in life, but also from the people they care about.

Perhaps the worst part is that there is NO REASON for them to suffer at all, if you, yes you – the one reading this article, don’t look behind you I am talking to you – if you are getting down about your man boobs then don’t. Seriously, in the age where technology is advancing at an exponential rate, there is more help out there than ever. One of the problems is that there is so much information, it can be hard to follow all of it, but you CAN get rid of man boobs easily. Read on.

I will be putting it all in one place for you to follow step by step and you can then use it as a tool to get the life you want. When you think about how precious life is, it seems pointless to let something like man boobs take over your life, not when there are solutions to literally remove the problem. It won’t exist.

Something I quickly want to point out is that a man boob problem is not always, in fact hardly ever, a gynecomastia problem. When we think “man boobs” we think a guy with breasts right? Well, most of the time this is caused by fat. Simple as that. When we gain excessive fat, it is stored over our pectoral muscle as a fuel store for medium-long term use by our bodies. When this happens, you get the man boob shape we all know about. I’m going to give you some cool information in a minute that the big food companies don’t want you to know.

Why am I sharing all of this with you? Been there, done that and got the t-shirt (although after using what I know know my t-shirts are a lot smaller:D ). Being there isn’t somewhere I want to be, I highly doubt that you do either. Fact is, you looking for this information tells me you are ready to start to change your life, TODAY. NOT TOMORROW! There is NO OVERNIGHT CURE FOR THIS, but it could be gone in as little as 4 weeks.

What I am about to tell you won’t do it all for you. It’s high quality information and techniques that I paid a lot of money for and experienced. It is up to you if you use them or you can take them for granted and continue to live your life as you currently are doing, all I can do is tell you what you need to do to lose your man boobs. Ready?

92% (on average) of all men with man boobs, have their problem derived from chest fat (known medically as pseudo-gynecomastia. 8% have a problem called gynecomastia which is adipose tissue (breast tissue) over the mammary glands (where the nipples are). If you have gynecomastia, doing all of the exercise in the world will not remove it (there will always be breast tissue above the pectoral) – gynecomastia removal is only brought about by surgery. If you think this is your problem then the below is highly unlikely to help you so I would suggest consulting your doctor asap. NEVER put anything off and let it fester, take action and get it done.

For the vast majority of you however, feel lucky your problem can be rectified from within your own control. I mean that. Gynecomastia surgery can cost around $5,000 – you can get rid of your man boobs for FREE.

Your man boobs are caused by your lifestyle and here is some important information, so keep up.

I am sure you have all seen the adverts on TV with skinny females and butch guys all eating low calorie snack bars. Of course this insinuates that the lower the number of calories you consume, the less weight you will put on, including man boobs – right? WRONG!

All calories are not directly proportional to each other – meaning that some are better than others. Did you know that the REAL reasons you are likely to be putting weight on is? Sugar and complex, processed carbohydrates.

“Huh? So I can eat as much of the other stuff I want without putting weight on?”

Yep, as much fish veg etc as you like as long as you don’t turn excessive other consumption into a new problem! (but I’ll go through that with you in my free course later on man-boob.org).

See, when we eat sugars and processed carbs, it combines with insulin in our body and causes a really difficult type of fat to contend with. This fat is incredibly hard and as a result, hard to shift.

Ever heard of a beer belly for example? How much sugar is there in a beer..? You are just storing yours to form man boobs.

Just because a large food company is promoting “healthy food” it does not mean it is what it says it is. If everyone was healthy and not overweight, who would they have to BUY their food? Think about it, your man boobs give them pay cheques.

If you’re between the ages of 12 and 18, what you’ll need to do to get rid of man boobs is – nothing. If you’re a teenage boy and your man boobs are getting sensitive and even a little bit bigger, there’s no reason to be concerned. This is a normal part of male development during puberty.

Trust me, I had sensitive nipples when I was younger, and good god was I scared I was turning into a woman – but I didn’t, and neither will you. Just wait it out, or if you’re really that concerned, go see a doctor and they’ll tell you the same thing.

Take a look at your diet, what are you eating? I bet some of those “bad” foods are in there like cereal bars? Are you consuming smoothie after smoothie? Most fruits are smacked with glucose, not that fruit is bad for you, just don’t over do it and eat the right ones.

Still hungry? I need to keep this article short but here are some tips. Each pistachios, almonds, walnuts, pecans, cashews. These are all example of low Gi foods.

GI stands for the “Glycemic Index. The Glycemic index measures and ranks carbohydrates according to their effect on blood sugar levels. Eating high GI food (such as mashed potato) causes a massive spike in the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood, which in turn causes a release of insulin. Insulin is a hormone which encourages the body to store fat, not burn it.

When insulin levels are high, you simply will not lose much other than your self esteem.

High GI Food ( avoid )

White rice, white bread, cornflakes, baked potato, pretzels, watermelon

Medium GI Food

Brown rice, wholemeal, sweet potato, pasta, noodles

Low GI Food

Eggs, fish, nuts, lean meats, lentils, chickpeas, wholegrain breads, salad, most fruit and vegetables, milk

Eating low GI foods can have lots of additional health benefits as well, such as lowering your cholesterol levels and your chances of developing heart disease.

Exercise:

Diet isn’t the only cool stuff we can change immediately, with targeted exercise we can reduce your man boobs in the shortest possible time – here are some quick ones:

The most obvious and possibly hated is running. Why? Aerobic exercise is going to burn up a lot of your stored energy, mostly the carbs. When your carbohydrates are used up your body will look at your fat stores for fuel. Your body is an incredibly clever machine, but knowing how it works means we can use that to our advantage relative to the results we want.

Hate running? I’ll go through the other options in my free course I am giving away, probably for a limited time. If it’s something people really want I may keep it open, not sure yet..

Obviously I can’t keep this article going forever so visit my website to get it, I’ll explain step by step in a lot more detail what you need to do – so I’ll be there with you every step of the way – all free.

Anaerobic exercise will also play a big part, we don’t just want to lose fat, we want the perfect chest right? Ever seen the guys on the beach or around the swimming pool getting all of the girls attention? Well that will be you in 4 weeks.

The first exercise we will be focusing on is the incline bench press. It’s harder to explain in an article but I’ll show it all on your free course, this has taken me a lot of time and a lot of pain so please, use it wisely.

We will also be smoothing your lower chest, making your shoulders look like pillars that could hold up a small building and an upper back that could smash a coconut ( not that I’m saying you would want to of course).

The methods shown on the course are the most effective ways of not just losing man boobs, but to finding the perfect chest. Follow the link to man-boob.org right now while this is still available and I will take you through step by step for free. See you there.

P.S if you found this useful, please link to it, blog about it, tweet it, tell your friends add it to your Facebook etc so others may find it, thanks.

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Fixing Erectile Dysfunction Naturally – No Drug Needed

It is a well known fact there are over 200 million men , suffering from erectile dysfunction all over the world. And yet, most of these men refuse to change their lifestyle, and they rather rely on a magic pill to regain their lost erection. If you are reading this, then I am sure you are aware of the side effects of using sildenafil drugs, or the most popular brand name Viagra.

Sildenafil can cause many side effects. Some common side effects include headaches, sneezing, dyspepsia (abdominal pain), palpitations (extreme heart beating, just like what you get from drinking too much coffee), flushing (red face, even more red than blushing) and some less common side effects are:

* Abnormally low blood pressure

* Priapism (A painful condition when an erection for more than 4 hours)

* Severe increased heart beat rhythm (Ventricular tachycardia which can lead to sudden death)

* Stroke and even

* Heart attack

This is why men all over the world are finding alternative treatments for fixing erectile dysfunction.

The only way to naturally get your erection back is by making changes in your lifestyle. Sedentary lifestyle is the major cause of erectile dysfunction. You can fix your erectile disfunction problem by quitting this inactive lifestyle.

But first of all, be sure you plan a health diet. Don’t take processed food,fast food, and alcohol. Stay away from these things , as they can cause obstructions in your arteries and reduce blood flow which could disturb your body system.

Eat a lot of potassium rich food. Bananas, orange juice, tomato products, milk and beans are a rich source of potassium. Potassium regulates nerves heartbeat and blood pressure, and remember you gushing blood running towards your penile area to get a hard erection.

Fish is also a great sex booster and it contains healthy fat, fatty acids and omega-3, especially fish with lots of fat, such as tuna, mackerel and sardine. Fish is heart friendly as it clears up plaque in your arteries and boost blood flow in your body.

Also include zinc rich food in your daily intake. Zinc is very useful and it repairs your cells. The lack of zinc can disturb your reproductive functions and processes and thus results in erectil dysfunction. Some of the rich sources of zinc are lean beef, oysters, shellfish, and green beans.

Take regular exercise. Make a focused walk routine every day. Stick to your walking plan and feel the magic happening in your body in a few days. Below is a sample walking program which has benefited many erectile dysfunction sufferers, you can customize it according to your needs and stamina:

1- Light walk ( for warm up) 3 minutes

2- Light Jog 1 minute

3- Walk 1 minute

4- Light Jog 1 minute

5- Walk 1 minute

6- Light Jog 1 minute

7- Brisk Walk 2 minutes

8- Light Walk ( for cool down) 3 minutes

This is a sure fire remedy for building stamina in you gradually and soon you will feel incredible power and stamina in your penile area too. One more exercise which can work wonders when taken in many variations is the PC muscle exercise. These exercises of PC muscle are real boon for men as the more they are practiced, the more benefits are reaped. But avoid overdoing these exercises. Just make a routine and then stick to it and you will soon see your erectile dysfunction gone and a powerful lovemaking tool between your legs to make love for as long as you want.

Eractile dysfunction is a problem which can be treated in a natural way. And for this you just need a reliable manual which tells you the natural ways and various sex boosting exercises. Erectile Dysfunction No More is the manual which has helped thousands of men worldwide in fixing their erectile dysfunction without taking any over the counter drug.

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What Are the Known Glutathione Side Effects?

Glutathione is also important to physically active people. Many world-class athletes are discovering that well-maintained glutathione levels give them the edge over their competitors, bringing greater strength and endurance, decreased recovery time from injury, less muscle pain and fatigue, and muscle-promoting activity.

The side effects of taking glutathione depend on the form you are taking it in, and the side effects maybe direct or indirect.

Practitioners of complementary medicine have long advocated the use of milk thistle for liver problems. It turns out that this herb works by modestly elevating glutathione levels.

Drugs that are precursors (building blocks) for glutathione. Some include S-Adenosyl-Methione, which is expensive and can cause gastrointestinal problems, while ornithine decarboxylase, procyteine, and oxothiazolidine carboxylate both are enzymes and limited in their production of GSH in the body.

American physicians seeking ways to raise a patient’s glutathione levels can open the standard Physician’s Desk Reference (PDR) and find an options i.e., the pharmaceutical drug NAC (n-acetyl-cysteine), but has significant side effects, which include its efficacy or usefulness peaks very quickly, and has to be administered several times per day, which causes toxicity. This is a direct glutathione side effect.

Generally it is considered to be free of side-effects. Neither untoward side-effects, nor interactions with oral administration reported even in prolonged use. It is SAFE. Classified as Food Supplement not an herbal. Made from genetically synthesize molecules. The only reported side- effect is SKIN WHITENING when taken in increased doses by modifying conversion of eumelanin (dark/brown/yellow pigmentation) to phaeomelanin (reddish white pigmentation). This is the main reason why whiter skin is produced. Most dermatologists use it. It is proven to be very safe and effective.

Then there are Co- Factors or substances working synergistically for glutathione production.

Defination of cofactor: A substance, such as a metallic ion or coenzyme, that must be associated with an enzyme for the enzyme to function eg., Selenium, Vitamin C, B6, B12, folic acid, vitamin E, and other micronutrients, are included in the substances called co-factors.

Selenium: The mineral selenium also produces subtle elevations in glutathione by becoming integrated into the enzyme glutathione peroxidase.

Side effects of over doses occur around 400 mcg/day and include hair loss, numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes, and white spots on fingernails and toenails. Selenium overdose leads to an indirect glutathione side effect.

Glutamine: Whether taken orally or intravenously, glutamine supplements raise glutathione concentrations.

Side effects: Completely healthy individuals shouldn’t require supplemental glutamine and it can lead to side effects such as gastrointestinal upset. Older people as well as kidney and liver patients should be cautious. Any serious use of this supplement must be monitored by a health professional.

Vitamin E: Like selenium Vitamin E is an antioxidant, a detoxifier, and helps to keep glutathione in its reduced (non-oxidized) state. Dosages up to 400IU are recommended.

Side effects: Excessive intake can be toxic creating gastrointestinal and neurological side-effects.

Silymarin (Milk Thistle): The milk thistle plant, (Silybum marianum, silymarin) has a long history in the treatment of liver problems. It clearly prevents the oxidation of fats and maintains glutathione levels, but possible toxic reactions include gas, cramps and diarrhoea. Liver disease should never be treated without the supervision of a health professional.

“We would like to add… as to date there is no scientific evidence as to the harm or value. It would be best that you discuss it with all on the health care team. There is a theoretical risk in taking the product if you have an organ transplant.”

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Fighting Cellulite and Winning

Cellulite – a word most women are very familiar with. Cellulite is the formation of tiny dimples on the skin, usually appearing on the thighs and your bottom.

Now dimples were really cute when we were children, but the puffy puckering dimples we find on our body are a curse to most women. Statistics say that over 80% of women develop cellulite.

Cellulite is very difficult to treat. Cellulite is constructed of small pockets of waste and studies indicate is tied to poor circulation and a sluggish metabolism.

The most effective treatment involves enhancing your natural cellular function and speeding up your metabolism so it is better capable of eliminating toxic waste from the body.

There is a huge selection of cellulite remedies on the market, all claiming to reduce or rid the body of cellulite. It’s pretty easy to get caught up in the hype of the miracle cellulite cure.

So how does one determine what will or will not help? Below is useful information to help you make an intelligent choice.

Up until recently most of the treatments for sale were merely topical treatments which by themselves are not very effective at treating cellulite.

It is important to remember that until now very few if any remedies were more than simple topical treatments, which alone are not very effective in treating cellulite. There are many creams on the market the mix combinations of vitamins, herbs, and antioxidants. Some will do no more than make your skin appear smoother and healthier.

Although a superficial treatment, it will reduce the appearance of the cellulite areas.

The better creams will contain antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, and ingredients that stimulate the flow of blood. Cellulite areas are damaged skin pockets which are normally dehydrated. . Increasing the blood flow and reducing inflammation help the skin repair itself. The best treatment comes from the inside out.

We’ve all heard the commercials or ad campaigns that claim that “their cream” can decrease the size of the thigh and repair cellulite.

What these products actually do is draw waste water away from the area, thus temporarily decreasing the size of the thigh and the appearance of the cellulite. T

his is “not” a cure, but a temporary fix. Any size you lost will be regained as soon as you drink water. Body size is not relevant to having or not having cellulite.

Topical cellulite remedies can be beneficial, however they have little effect if they are used alone. Creams reach only the epidermis [top layer] of the skin. They are unable to penetrate the dermis where much of the damage is.

Because they are unable to penetrate the dermis layer and fight the skin damage, many of these treatments are not successful. The surface dimpling caused by cellulite is merely a symptom of the underlying cause.

To reverse the damage you must go beyond treating the top skin layer. Internal treatments and technological treatments can be very successful in treating the underlying problem. Combine science and nature with your topical treatments for real help.

To “really” fight celluloid you need to go within the body. By working inside the body and outside with topical treatments, you’ll have a better chance of fighting cellulite.

The more of them that you use, the more success you will be in reducing, preventing, and even eliminating your cellulite.

It is very important to strengthen blood vessels/increase blood flow. Strengthening blood vessels and increasing blood flow you increase circulation.

Increasing circulation will then allow more blood flow to the celluloid areas so the body will better be able to break down the toxic areas.

The first stages of cellulite and are not visible to the naked eye. The first stages are the result of blood vessels breaking down. Nutrients reach the skin via blood vessels and when the blood vessels are unable to feed nutrients to the skin damage occurs. This damage is called cellulite.

It is very important that the right nutrients are actually able to reach the areas that need them. Feed your body antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, water, and collagen. These will act as reinforcements to help nutrients reach the affected areas. etc., the skin has no way to attain reinforcements. It eventually loses the battle to cellulite

It is important to encourage the Production of connective tissue. This can be done by increasing production of the matrix (GAGs) that make up connective tissue in your body. A strong dermis will help in preventing and repairing cellulite.

The connective tissue is the primary water reservoir for your entire body, so it stands to reason if you have healthy connective tissue your body will be much better able to hydrate itself when needed, keep all of your cells, from your liver to your skin, supplied with their ideal component of water, thereby functioning at their optimal level.

The most important Internal needed to form GAGs in your body, is glucosamine. Glucosamine is the primary building block of GAGs. Your body also needs B vitamins and trace minerals so that your body can metabolize the glucosamine into GAGs.

It is also important to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. Your body needs ample collagen and elastin to keep the connective tissue strong. When the dermis is strong, fat cells are not able to break through and appear on the surface, with the familiar dimples.

Your need to supply the body with amino acids to build collagen and elastin.

Make sure that your cells are fully hydrated. De-hydrated cells become weak and are then unable to hold back the fat from surfacing. By drinking plenty of fluids you keep your body hydrated, which revitalizes your cells.

They are then able to push the cellulite forming fat cells back below the surface into the deeper layers of the skin. Keeping your body hydrated has other benefits also, it will keep your skin looking young and beautiful and allow you to better fight disease and infection.

By optimizing the health of your cells they will be able to function at peak levels. Your skin will look younger, smoother, and overall more beautiful.

It is also important to ensure waste is properly removed from the body. If your body is retaining wasted water it can cause problems such as bloating, weight gain, edema, and puffy eyes. It also interferes with your body’s ability to repair cellulite damage.

All of us are exposed to the damage caused by free-radicals. Free radical damage occurs from many sources, such as sun exposure, smoking, and a poor diet.

Free radicals damage the skin making it more susceptible to cellulite. The best way to prevent and repair free-radical damage is with the use of antioxidants, both topically and internally.

Your body responds to damage by rushing defensive nutrients to the affected area. It accomplishes this by dilating the blood vessels and releasing specific chemicals.

What you witness is the skin becoming warm and red. This is inflammation. Prolonged inflammation causes the free-radical damage and cell wall deterioration that it is attempting to prevent.

That is why it is so important to use soothing ingredients, both topically and internally, to calm inflammation before it begins doing more harm than good. Anti-inflammatories are widely available in a variety of products.

Exfoliation is a must. By the time we reach adulthood, the rate our cells turnover has drastically decreased, leaving us with a surface of dead skin cells that not only looks dull, it no longer provides an adequate barrier against the elements and water loss.

The most effective way to combat this is to exfoliate. Exfoliation removes the surface layer of dead cells. There are many ways to exfoliate. Chemical formulas use mild agents to dissolve the dead cells.

Textured soaps, sponges and brushes strip away the surface cells. When you remove the dead cells from your skin’s surface, a message is sent telling your body to create replacements.

The dead cells are replaced with strong young cells that look and feel healthy. But more than that, these cells are better equipped to stand up to the onslaught of cellulite.

Many effective ingredients include essential oils and botanical extracts. Before using a product is always wise to do a patch test. Some botanicals and antibacterial agents can cause reactions in sensitive skin types.

Aloe Vera juice or oil is extracted from the aloe Vera plant. The leaves are made up of water, enzymes, and minerals such as calcium, aluminum, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, and sodium.

But wait there’s more. Aloe Vera juice also contains twenty amino acids. Aloe Vera is well known for its healing and anti-inflammatory properties.

Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids are used in many cosmetic products. Certain combinations of AHA products increase cell turnover rate and increase the thickness of the epidermis.

The effect depends on the product’s pH level, the AHA concentration, whether it is a cream or cleanser, as well as how the product is used AHA products make the skin appear smoother and younger.

Lactic acid is commonly found in milk, pickles, and other foods made by bacterial fermentation. Lactic acid can help reduce the effects of photo-aging and can play an important role in the treatment of sun-damaged skin.

Glycolic and salicylic increase the cell turnover rate and uncovering younger skin.

Hydroxy acids unclog embedded cellular debris from pores and shedding the outermost layer of dead skin.

Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent fat- and water-soluble antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. ALA penetrates the skin cells the lipid-rich cell membrane and continues to be effective once inside the cell due to its water solubility. ALA works with vitamins E and C, boosting their antioxidant abilities.

Basil extract is used to relieve pain and muscular spasms, and to stimulate blood flow. It is also known for its restorative and anti-inflammatory properties.

Bioflavonoids’ have strong anti-inflammatory powers, and are also a strong antioxidant.

Niacin improves the ability of the epidermis to retain moisture. When used topically it produces softer, smoother skin with less dryness and flakiness, and it reduces the appearance of fine lines.

Butcher’s broom root extract strengthens and tones blood vessels. In Europe it is a popular treatment for varicose veins and hemorrhoids.

Carnitine is found naturally in the body. It transports fatty acids to your cells, where they are metabolized. It burns fat and strengthens cells.

Cat’s-claw is an effective anti-inflammatory, which also increases blood flow throughout the body. Recently is has been successful in stimulating the immune systems of cancer patients.

The active ingredient in cayenne is capsaicin. Capsaicin not only increases circulation. It also alters the action of the body’s substance P which transfers pain messages to the brain. As a result it is effective in reducing both pain and inflammation by short-circuiting the pain message.

Coenzyme Q10 is a powerful antioxidant. Studies have shown its ability to increase resistance to disease and to strengthen the heart. It creates a substance known as ATP in the body’s cells which is vital for energy. It also has great antioxidant abilities, as well as boosting the antioxidant effect of vitamins C and E.

Peptides are the amino acid, the building block for collagen and elastin. Copper peptide is a trace mineral that helps the body convert amino acids into this connective tissue. Copper peptides are an excellent source of collagen and elastin production.

Essential fatty acids are so vital that they have been referred to as vitamin F. They have amazing hydrating abilities in topical creams, and when taken internally they help to build up the cell membranes and attract water to cells.

Fennel is a diuretic and an anti-inflammatory that needs more research to find its full abilities.

Ginkgo Biloba is an antioxidant, but it also increases the blood flow throughout the body, expanding the reach of any nutrients in the food you eat.

Grapefruit oil and extract have been used for muscle fatigue, stiffness, acne, fluid retention, and skin tightening, and as an antiseptic and astringent.

Grape-seed extract inhibits the enzymes collagenase and elastase, which break down collagen and elastin. Because grape seed is able to prevent the damage from ever occurring, it is very effective in the prevention of celluloid.

Green clay is sometimes referred to as a cellulite solution but does need more study to confirm this. Green clay contains many of the trace minerals that your body needs to metabolize nutrients into new tissue.

Juniper berries extract is high in vitamin C. It is used to treat pain and inflammation from arthritis and varicose veins, and to increase circulation.

When Lecithin is taken internally on a regular basis, it aids your body in repairing and strengthening its cell membranes.

Kelp is well known for its anti-inflammatory properties on the skin. It is rich in minerals and has been used to supply the thyroid gland with iodine in some instances. Kelp can also be used to hydrate the epidermis, nourish the skin, and protect elastin fiber.

Pine oil is used as a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, as a diuretic, and to stimulate circulation.

Pomegranate is fast becoming recognized for its antioxidant qualitites. Studies have showed the that the topical application of pomegranate extract has an effect on preventing skin cancer. Pomegranate is a very potent antioxidants that work primarily in the skin.

Retinoids applied topically over a long period of time temporarily thicken and strengthen the dermis, making it more difficult for cellulite to push its way through.

Zinc, manganese, copper, selenium, magnesium, boron, chromium, molybdenum, silica, and vanadium are all trace minerals. Our body needs these minerals in trace amounts to r metabolize nutrients. Trace minerals are vital to cellulite.

Vitamin C fights an ongoing battle against cellulite and skin damage. Vitamin C breaks down collagenase and elastinase, two naturally occurring substances in the body that attack collagen and elastin.

Vitamin C is also a natural anti-inflammatory and powerful antioxidant with proven studies that it is effective in battling free-radical damage within the skin.

Vitamin E, both topically and when taken internally, is a very potent fat soluble antioxidant. Because it is fat soluble it can work its way into the fat-rich cell membranes in our bodies, protecting the cell walls from free-radical damage. Vitamin E is also an excellent hydrating and sealing agent in topical creams.

Many popular treatments claim to reduce cellulite. Treatments range from body raps to massage to surgical procedures.

Body Spa Treatments are beneficial on many levels. Great for exfoliating, toning, and stimulating blood flow. A terrific skin care regime.

Body wraps induce sweating thereby having a temporary diuretic effect. However, fat cells and connective tissue are not affected by sweating.

With a body wrap you are covered from head to toe for up to an hour in herbal or seaweed-soaked cloth strips to increase circulation and firm the body’s contours. Once you are unwrapped you body is massaged to enhance circulation and send oxygen to blocked tissues.

Watch your alcohol and caffeine intake prior to a body wrap as both are dehydrating. Body wraps are not recommended for anyone with high blood pressure, anyone who is dehydrated, or pregnant women.

Deep-tissue massage consists of slow strokes to create micro tears at the surface level, making tissue longer and smoother. It also loosens the connective tissue so that it moves more freely and no longer adheres to underlying structures. Deep massage followed by lymphatic drainage can make the surface layer of skin more flexible.

Massage can improve the condition and appearance of your skin, however it does not remove or decrease fat cells. It is excellent for increasing circulation and thus moving nutrients to tissues.

However, if deep massage is too intense, it can also damage blood vessels, which defeats the benefits for cellulite reduction. Areas with cellulite are already sensitive, so be sure to tell the therapist it it feels like too much pressure is being applied. Deep massage provides relaxation and can stimulate the blood vessels and reduce stiffness.

Dermal fillers are expensive. They are a temporary method that improves the appearance of cellulite dimples. The treatment consists of a serious of human fat injections which make dimples less obvious.

Other filling agents can be used rather than fat. The dimples appear less noticeable until the fat is absorbed by the body, then the dimples return to their normal appearance. Not only is this procedure quite costly it is a lengthy procedure.

Electronic Anticellulite Devices are a few noninvasive, nonsurgical treatments for skin contour irregularities. This procedure temporary reduces the appearance of cellulite.

A vacuum type device creates suction to temporarily immobilize and lift the fatty tissue, while dual rollers create deep, subdermal massage to the connective tissue. This stretches the connective tissue, increases blood and lymphatic flow, and exfoliates the skin.

A session can take from forty to ninety minutes, and entail from ten to thirty treatments as well as a monthly maintenance treatment. If you stop treatments your skin reverts back to its original condition. Long term results have never been established either clinically or scientifically.

The lymph system is the body’s waste disposal system. It is the body’s natural defense system, clearing away bacteria, cell debris, excess water, proteins, and wastes from the connective tissue and returning it to the bloodstream for ultimate removal by the kidneys.

If pathways become congested or damaged fluids build up in the connective tissue, leading to edema, swelling, and inflammation. When this occurs the lymphatic system transports the damaged cells, inflammatory substances, and waste away from the area. The sooner this occurs the faster the recovery.

Manual lymphatic drainage is a technique that involves a gentle lymph massage, which enhances and stimulates the lymphatic system to remove wastes more rapidly from around the cells and in the tissues, sending it back into the lymphatic system for removal and ultimate cleansing.

For cellulite treatment, the therapist first assesses the condition of the skin: color, texture, temperature, moisture, and elasticity.

The next step is to look at the contour of the hips and legs, and hunt for skin thickening, ridges, lumps, and visible scars that run across lymph vessels and may obstruct lymph drainage.

The therapist also examines for visible veins, looking for redness, swelling, heat, and pain. Lymphatic drainage is very useful before and after cosmetic surgery to decrease bruising, edema, and inflammation. The effects are only temporary, and it has not been proven to reduce dimpling in the long term.

Mesotherapy are micro injections injected into the middle of the dermis at a trouble spot, to deliver healing or corrective treatment to a specific area of the body. They can be made of conventional or homeopathic medication.

They are mixed with isoproterenol, vitamins and a diuretic when treating cellulite. Isoproterenol is touted to melt fat although no clinical studies are available to back up this claim. Up to two hundred deep injections are delivered into trouble.

The biggest problem with mesotherapy is that there is no standardized mix for the formula. Long-term, chronic cellulite and wrinkles may require at least fifteen sessions before you notice any result.

Microdermabrasion is a popular alternative to chemical peeling that utilizes a blast of aluminum oxide or salt crystals to exfoliate skin superficially, by passing the particles through a vacuum tube to gently scrape away the aging skin.

The results are similar to a light peel. Microdermabrasion devices are available for home use, although not as good as a professional treatment the cost is significantly less.

Nonablative Lasers point the laser beam at the affected area, causing the collagen and elastin bundles to heat up and move closer to the surface. This firms the skin and reduced imperfections. The results are temporary.

Peels utilize a strong concentration of a chemical exfoliating agent to resurface the skin. New cells made by the remaining dermis result in a newly healed surface, and healthier, more radiant skin.

Chemical peels are very flexible and can be adapted to various levels depending on how deep a peel you want and how sensitive your skin is. Glycolic acid is a common ingredient in peels as it is generally gentler and safer than trichloracetic acid

Peels work by damaging the skin to a stage where the body needs to build new collagen and elastin bundles. You might feel a burning or stinging sensation, and there will be moderate swelling of the treated areas for about a week and minimal scabbing, followed by healing and a toughening of the skin

Thalassotherapy is rich in sea minerals and nutrients.

The therapy combines the sea nutrients with warm sea water to dilate pores and blood vessels, opening the skin to absorb the sea minerals.

In the end the best way to cure celluloid is simply to avoid getting it. Eat a balanced diet low in fat, drink plenty of water, eat fiber foods, and plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit.

Exercise for 20-30 minutes daily to help keep the body in shape, and avoid smoking, alcohol. A healthy life style will go along way towards prevention.

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How to Recognize Stress Before it Turns Into Anger

After a stressful day as a computer programmer, Jim pulled into his driveway. The children’s toys were scattered on the walkway to the house.

He immediately began noticing slight tension in his muscles and apprehension in his stomach. Entering his house, his wife ignored him while she talked with her sister on the telephone. His heart started beating a little faster.

Looking around, he noticed disarray; nothing was picked up, the house was a mess. Irritation and frustration started to settle in. Finally, as his feelings grew, he exploded and began yelling at his wife and children.

Stress may trigger anger:

Stress is often the trigger that takes us from feeling peaceful to experiencing uncomfortable angry feelings in many common situations such as the one described above.

Stress is most easily defined as a series of bodily responses to demands made upon us called stressors.

These “demands” or stressors can be negative (such as coping with a driver who cuts in front of you on the freeway) or positive (such as keeping on a tour schedule while on vacation).

Stressors may be external to you (like work pressure) or internal (like expectations you have of yourself or feeling guilty about something you did or want to do).

Whether the stressor is external or internal, scientists have discovered that the major systems of the body work together to provide one of the human organism’s most powerful and sophisticated defenses; the stress response which you may know better as “fight-or-flight.”

This response helps you to cope with stressors in your life. To do so, it activates and coordinates the brain, glands, hormones, immune system, heart, blood and lungs.

Avoid Jim’s destructive behavior toward his loved ones. Before your stress response turns into anger or aggression, use these strategies to get it under control:

Read your personal warning lights: Becoming aware of your stress response is the first step to managing it. This means listening to your body, being aware of your negative emotions, and observing your own behavior when under stress.

For instance, notice muscle tension, pounding heart, raising voice, irritation, dry mouth, or erratic movements.

What you see is what you get: For a potential stressor to affect us -stress us out – we have to first perceive it or experience it as a stressor.

Gaining a new perspective on the stressing situation can often drastically change the effect it has on us. Our stress response can indeed be a response (something we can control) instead of a knee-jerk reaction (which is automatic).

Examples: Cut off on the freeway? “It is not personal. That guy has a problem. I will stay calm.” Bullied by a co-worker? “If I react, he wins. Later, I will privately let him know how I feel about what he did. If that doesn’t work, I’ll discuss it with our manager.”

Stress-Guard your life: You can also make many life-style changes to reduce or minimize feeling stressed-out, even if you can’t change some of your actual stressors

For instance, manage your time better, establish priorities, protect yourself from toxic relationships, and find a way to manage your money better, or consider changing your job or occupation.

Other stress-guards include those you have probably heard before, but maybe need to do more frequently such as:

getting adequate rest,

eating a healthy diet,

avoiding excessive alcohol intake,

living in a way consistent with your core personal values,

developing social networks of friends and support.

Stress is most easily defined as a series of bodily responses to demands made upon us called stressors. It’s important to recognize these stress responses and develop techniques to lessen the impact.

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